As defined by the American Diabetes Association (ADA),  a condition of pre-diabetes exists when an individual has glucose levels that do not meet the criteria for a diagnosis of diabetes, but are higher than what is considered normal. Persons with pre-diabetes are at increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes if they do not change their lifestyle for risk reduction.  Laboratory studies to diagnose pre-diabetes include; an A1C of 5.7-6.4% OR a fasting glucose of 100 to 125 mg/dL OR a 2-hour post meal or oral glucose tolerance test where a glucose of 140 to 199 mg/dL is found.

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